"Future changes in the structure of ecosystems are likely to be abrupt, as species in a given ecosystem respond to temperatures above their tolerance limits almost simultaneously. A 2020 study suggests that if we continue on the current trajectory toward 4 degrees Celsius of warming relative to pre-industrial levels, these abrupt shifts will begin before 2030 in tropical seas and by 2050 in tropical forests and higher latitudes. Protected and unprotected areas would be affected equally - temperatures do not observe such boundaries. Therefore, phasing off fossil fuels and shifting to a carbon-neutral society is a sine qua non for preserving the stability and resilience of our life-support systems."
"YES, SOME WILL SAY it's all too expensive; that we cannot afford to make these changes. That's like saying we cannot afford to save ourselves. It is absurd to even ask whether we should do it or not - unless you are one those trying to make as much money as possible in the casino of the Titanic - after hitting the iceberg."
Enric Sala - The Nature of Nature - Why We Need the Wild
Climate Action: Sustainable Innovation Forum 2020 - Climate Policy & Finance
As of late 2020, we faced a perceived $2.5 trillion capital allocation gap with regard to climate yet $380 trillion of assets reside in the financial system.
Climate Policy Initiative: Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2019
Estimates of the investment required to achieve the low-carbon transition range from USD 1.6 trillion to USD 3.8 trillion ANNUALLY between 2016 and 2050, for supply-side energy system investments alone (IPCC 2018), while the Global Commission on Adaptation (GCA 2019) estimates adaptation costs of USD 180 billion annually from 2020 to 2030.
Closing the Global Biodiversity Financing Gap
In the medium to long-term, we need a transformational shift in the way markets, and the discipline of economics more broadly, value nature. This won’t happen overnight and will require a clear and compelling economic case championed by strong political leaders and underpinned by broad public support.
Works at the critical nexus where sustainability, finance and economic development intersect.
European Fund for Strategic Investments
Promote regulatory change to mobilize private capital; Euro 180 billion in annual capital requirements; generated over Euro 250 billion in investment.
European Investment Bank Group Climate Bank Roadmap
Describes 5 year plan to support EU delivery on long-term goals of the European Green Deal and UN SDGs.
European Investment Fund
Specialist provider of risk finance to benefit small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) across Europe.
Global Environment Facility
Available to developing countries and countries with economies in transition to meet the objectives of international environmental conventions and agreements.
Green Climate Fund
Financing for developing countries.
Green Climate Fund Investment Criteria
Framework, targets, policies, criteria and indicators.
HSBC - Pollination Climate Asset Management
Natural capital asset management: regenerative and sustainable agriculture; sustainable forestry;
oceans, including sustainable fisheries, coastal restoration and blue carbon; biodiversity and wildlife protection and restoration; and natural capital and real assets that generate carbon credits.
Intrinsic Value Exchange
Mission is to convert natural asset value to financial capital in order to provide the resources necessary to fund conservation and regenerative practices at scale while bridging us to a sustainable future for the benefit of nature and humanity.
Land Degradation Neutrality Fund
Sustainable land use projects, focusing in particular on sustainable agriculture and forestry, land reclamation and sustainable energy.
McKinsey & Company: Value Nature Conservation
Doubling the amount of conserved land and national waters could require an additional operating expenditure of $20 billion to $45 billion a year, depending upon the conservation scenario. In more than half of the conservation areas identified, the economic benefits from ecotourism and sustainable fishing alone could outweigh these costs by at least three times.
Neuw Ventures SA
Finances businesses with a principal purpose of facilitating a global transition to a sustainable economic model.
OECD DAC (Development Assistance Committee) External Development Finance (Climate Change) Statistics
Donor and recipient data statistics.
OECD DAC Climate-related Development Finance Data 2018 Report
Climate-related development finance data including official development assistance (ODA), other official flows (OOF), private grants and private amounts mobilized (as) reported by OECD DAC and non-DAC members.
The Economic Appraisals of Investment Projects at the EIB: Version March 2013 - Under Review
EIB guide for determination of economic returns.
UNEP-FI - United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative
A partnership between United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and the global financial sector to mobilize private sector finance for sustainable development.